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English language
Pronunciation /ˈɪŋɡlɪʃ/
Language family
Default
  • English language
Early forms:
Old English
  • Middle English
    • Early Modern English
      • English language
Writing system Latin script 
Official status
Official language in 54 countries
Language codes
ISO 639-3






English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now the most widely used language in the world. It is spoken as a first language by the majority populations of several sovereign states, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand and a number of Caribbean nations. It is the third-most-common native language in the world, after Mandarin Chinese and Spanish. It is widely learned as a second language and is an official language of the European Union, many Commonwealth countries and the United Nations, as well as in many world organisations.  

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